Is AFL Survival a Fantasy?

You may be surprised to learn that football doesn’t stop between the Super Bowl and the NFL Preseason. And no, I’m not talking about training camp or college spring games. I’m talking about real, full-contact, high scoring football with pads and fans and touchdown dances. Well, kind of. I’m talking about the Arena Football League, a professional association that plays a variant of American Football indoors on a field the size of a hockey rink.


But the Arena Football League is going through some tough times. Decreased attendance, folding franchises, and increase competition have all contributed to the League’s declining stature in recent years. There are, however, actions the league can take to insure that the AFL will be entertaining fans for decades to come. By embracing digital business and entering the world of fantasy sports, the Arena Football league will be able to attract a new generation of fans and establish themselves as the premier choice for offseason football.


The Arena Football League (AFL)

On February 11, 1981, Jim Foster, a Promotion Manager at NFL Properties, invented the sport of arena football while watching an indoor soccer game. Instead of playing on a 120 by 53 1/3-yard outdoor field, arena football is played on a 200 by 85-foot turf field placed inside of a hockey rink. Where traditional football is played with 11 players a side, arena football has 8 per side. While the average NFL team scored 23 points per game in 2016, the AFL team averaged nearly 52 points. High-scoring and big-play-oriented, the game had an obvious appeal to fans.


The high water mark for the Arena Football League came in 2008 – the League had 17 teams, averaged 12,957 fans per game and had its own 25-team developmental league, the afl2. The next year, the league filed for bankruptcy, missing the entire 2009 season. When the AFL relaunched in 2010 its lineup consisted of a mixture of sixteen AFL and afl2 teams. Averaging 4,000 fewer attendees than in 2008, the AFL never again reached their pre-bankruptcy popularity.

Today, the league consists of five teams strung up and down the east coast with the furthest team west located in Cleveland. Two of the teams, the Washington Valor and the Baltimore Brigade, were created prior to the previous season after five teams left the league: three folding, one joining the National Arena League, and one joining the Indoor Football League. Nineteen of their games were broadcasted on CBS Sports Network and the league averaged 9,248 in attendance.

Fantasy Sports

The history of fantasy sports can be traced back to the 1960s when Raiders fans in Oakland created the Greater Oakland Professional Pigskin Prognosticators League (GOPPPL). The league paid out weekly based on how your players did: you would get 50 cents for a rushing touchdown and 25 cents for a receiving one. Lineups had to be submitted in person by Friday and on Monday, “Team Owners” hurried to pick up the newspaper to see how their players performed the previous day in a game on the other side of the continent.

The internet has made keeping track of your team a much easier feat. In 1999, Yahoo launched an online system which allowed players to set up a fantasy league online for free. Instead of the league commissioner looking up the team statistics from the past weekend to calculate fantasy team scores, team owners could get an updated score as the game was happening. This development was a game changer for the industry – by 2006, 12 million people were playing fantasy football. The next evolution in fantasy sports was Daily Fantasy Sports (DFS). Rather than drafting a team and owning them for the entire season, fantasy sports participants could not create a new lineup every day.


IBISWorld estimates that fantasy sports companies took in $4.1 billion in revenue in 2016. The industry experienced 19.1% growth over the previous year. This was mostly driven by an increase in daily fantasy and use of mobile applications for fantasy play. The industry is expected to see 5.7% annual growth over the next five years. Of the total industry, 44.9% of revenue comes from football (NFL and college).

The Plan

So, what does this all mean for the Arena Football League? People want to play fantasy – more importantly, people want to play fantasy football. The Arena Football League offers a quality football product – more importantly, they offer a quality football product that has more stats in it than an NFL game could ever possibly have. The AFL needs people to be interested in watching them … and they need the revenue that people watching them generates.

The AFL needs to embrace the fantasy world. They need to make fantasy as much a part of their game as big-plays, loud music, and touchdown celebrations are. When the NFL is considered the “No Fun League,” the AFL must make sure they are thought of as the “Always Fun League.”


Here are the next steps:

  • Add Fantasy to the Game

Make a partnership agreement with Yahoo or CBS Sports to get full length seasons added to their fantasy offerings. Companies will like this because an agreement will drive more traffic to their website during the NFL offseason. The AFL should also partner with DraftKings or FanDuel for DFS. Having more fans interested in the game will increase AFL attendance and viewership and encourage more advertisers to sponsor teams.

  • Launch a Fantasy App

The AFL needs to do as much as possible to encourage the growth of Arena fantasy. They should launch an app to give fantasy “owners” access to their favorite players: injury updates, press conferences, expert analysis, practice breakdowns. AFL teams do not get as much coverage as their NFL counterparts and fantasy “owners” will not be willing to put the time in to a fantasy league unless they have access to information about teams and players.

  • Build a Social Media Presence

In a similar vein, the AFL must also increase their social media presence. Out of the ten largest professional sports leagues in the US, the AFL only ranks higher than the ECHL, the third tier of professional hockey, in terms of Facebook fan. In fact, they have the lowest amount of Twitter followers in the same group. Maintaining a prominent social media presence is crucial to success in today’s sports world. Both the AFL and individual teams must assign dedicated groups of employees to manage their accounts.

  • Expand Televised Games

This is the hardest of the next steps. Professional sports leagues make a significant amount of their revenue from television contracts, so they are fairly difficult to attain. In order to deliver their product to their new customers, the AFL must get a contract that televises all their games on a network that is more accessible. In the meantime, the AFL must experiment with live streaming games via Facebook or YouTube to deliver access to their customers.

The next few years will be crucial to the long term viability of the AFL. If they are able to successfully adopt digital business and social media trends, they will stand a better chance of having long term success.



AFL. AFL Announces 2017 Broadcast Schedule. 23 March 2017. 18 September 2017.

Arena Fan. Attendance Statistics. n.d. 18 September 2017.

Bona, Marc. How Arena Football was created, why it endures: A look at Jim Foster’s invention. 14 August 2014. 18 September 2017.

Football Field Dimensions and Goal Post Sizes: A Quick Guide. 28 January 2017. 18 September 2017.

Goff, Brian. The $70 Billion Fantasy Football Market. 20 August 2013. 18 September 2017.

Hruby, Patrick. THE FOUNDING FATHERS OF FANTASY. 2 December 2013. 18 September 2017.

Isidore, Chris. How fantasy sports changed the NFL. 11 September 2015. 18 September 2017.

ISISWorld. Fantasy Sports Services. n.d. 18 September 2017.

KIRBY, TROY. WHAT IS KILLING ARENA FOOTBALL? 4 April 2016. 18 September 2017.

Militello, Michael. The History of Fantasy Sports. 1 December 2016. 18 September 2017.

Newman, Nico. History of Fantasy Sports. 4 April 2017. 18 September 2017.

Sporting Charts. Team Points Per Game: 2016 NFL Season. n.d. 18 September 2017.

StatFox. 2016 Arena Football OFFENSIVE Team Statistics. n.d. 18 September 2017.

The History and Evolution of Fantasy Sports. 25 January 2011. 18 September 2017.



  1. briandentonbc · ·

    This is an awesome article. As an avid football fan, and lover of fantasy football, having the option to play fantasy football or daily fantasy during the NFL offseason would certainly pique my interest in the arena football league. I think this would be a great idea for the AFL, but my only concern would be the viability of fantasy sports in a league that only currently has 5 teams. I feel like fantasy teams would have to end up having very obscure players in the later rounds of the draft, and that my daily fantasy lineups would have a ton of roster overlap with the lineups of others. It could be worth exploring if there is a way to change the standard fantasy football setup in a way that would be more conducive to the AFL. I do agree with your point that the AFL has to differentiate itself from the NFL and become the “Always Fun League”. Perhaps they could steal some ideas from the old XFL, such as the option to put nicknames on backs of jerseys, in order to create a product that is more conducive to sharing and discussion on social media. This was a really enjoyable read!

  2. What a great, thoroughly researched post! ( I actually suspected it was you when I got to the reference section, even though I didn’t look at the name initially). In the future, just be sure to make the connection to digital business clear. It’s here in the post, but it could be made more explicit when there’s any doubt. Otherwise, great work!

  3. juliasmacdonald · ·

    Hi, Bob! I have to say I used to consider myself a semi-knowledgeable fan of football but after reading this post, I realize how little I know! I have never even heard of the AFL but it sounds like I would like it (if it’s a higher scoring game). I loved the layout of this post starting with the background on the AFL, then the background on Fantasy Sports, and finally integrating them into one well-organized strategy. As always, very informative!

  4. Danni Bianco · ·

    Great article, you clearly know what you’re talking about! I knew nothing about AFL prior to this post so it was a super fun read and I really appreciated the thorough recommendations. Just a tip: you can link your references to words/phrases throughout the article for less clutter/make it easier for readers to find the article they’re interested in.

  5. ojeagle121 · ·

    Great article! I think some hurdles would be only having 5 teams but the talent pool is there if an investment came. I think most of that revenue would come from TV but as you mentioned, easier said than done. What day(s) would they try to own. Already the NFL has Monday, Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday. Maybe they could do it in the NFL offseason. Having a website like DraftKings would be huge for marketing also.

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