In Kevin Kelly’s TED talk: How AI can Bring on a Second Industrial Revolution, the Founding Executive Editor of Wired Magazine, says, “So we have many ongoing tendencies right now, and I think one of the chief among them is this tendency to make things smarter and smarter. I call it cognification — also known as artificial intelligence, or AI. And I think that’s going to be one of the most influential developments and trends and directions and drives in our society in the next 20 years.” We are only at the beginning of our own comprehension of the bounds of AI applications and how it will impact our future. So far, we know we can use AI to enhance decision making on predicting sales leads most likely to close with Salesforce’s Einstein, reduce payment defaulting and credit risk, enhance insights in cognitive psychology and repel cyber attacks. In fact, I was most struck by Kelly’s free startup advice, “So everything that we had electrified, we’re now going to cognify. And I would suggest, then, that the formula for the next 10,000 start-ups is very, very simple, which is to take x and add AI.” So, let’s try to paint a mosaic about Artificial Intelligence in ten perspectives.
- Kevin Kelly – Wired Magazine Founding Executive Editor said: “We will soon arrive at the obvious realization that “smartness” is not a single dimension, and that what we really care about are the many other ways in which intelligence operates — all the other nodes of cognition we have not yet discovered.”
- Jeff Bezos – Amazon Founder & CEO said in the 2016 letter to shareholders: “Pre-packaged versions of popular deep learning frameworks running on P2 compute instances (optimized for this workload), customers are already developing powerful systems ranging everywhere from early disease detection to increasing crop yields. And we’ve also made Amazon’s higher level services available in a convenient form. Amazon Lex (what’s inside Alexa), Amazon Polly, and Amazon Rekognition remove the heavy lifting from natural language understanding, speech generation, and image analysis. They can be accessed with simple API calls — no machine learning expertise required. Watch this space. Much more to come.”
- Elon Musk – Tesla, SpaceX and Neuralink Co-founder and CEO said: I have exposure to the most cutting edge AI, and I think people should be really concerned by it,” Musk said at the National Governors Association. “AI is a fundamental risk to the existence of human civilization in a way that car accidents, airplane crashes, faulty drugs or bad food were not — they were harmful to a set of individuals within society, of course, but they were not harmful to society as a whole.”
- Stuart Russell told Quanta magazine: “Then there’s the question, if we get it right such that some intelligent systems behave themselves, as you make the transition to more and more intelligent systems, does that mean you have to get better and better value functions that clean up all the loose ends, or do they still continue behaving themselves? I don’t know the answer yet.”
- Jane X. Wang – Senior Research Scientist Google DeepMind tweeted: “Datasets reflect the culture, and classification tasks can’t help but reflect our cultural biases, algorithmic forensics needed.”
- Bill Gates – Microsoft Founder told a 2018 World Economic Forum audience: “AI is simply better software,” Gates continues. “In these high value environments — whether it is an operating room, a jail, a factory, a courthouse — you will be able to transcribe everything that is being said, and you will be able to see things if they are safety violations even a construction site.”
- Ginni Rometty – IBM CEO describes : “This is really another key point about professional AI. Doctors don’t want black-and-white answers, nor does any profession,” said Rometty told Bloomberg. “What a doctor wants is, OK, give me the possible answers. Tell my why you believe it. Can I see the research, the evidence, the ‘percent confident’, Rometty continues. “The first cancer Watson took almost a year. We are down to less than 30 days now. By the end of this year, Watson will have been trained on what causes 80 percent of the world’s cancers.”
- Jackie Snow – Associate Editor for Artificial Intelligence, MIT Technology Review, describes on the Review’s 10 Breakthrough Technologies 2018 List: “Artificial intelligence has so far been mainly the plaything of big tech companies like Amazon, Baidu, Google, and Microsoft, as well as some startups. For many other companies and parts of the economy, AI systems are too expensive and too difficult to implement fully. What’s the solution? Machine-learning tools based in the cloud are bringing AI to a far broader audience. Microsoft, which has its own AI-powered cloud platform, Azure, is teaming up with Amazon to offer Gluon, an open-source deep-learning library. Gluon is supposed to make building neural nets—a key technology in AI that crudely mimics how the human brain learns—as easy as building a smartphone app.”
- Ian Goodfellow – GAN Creator and Staff Research Scientist Google Brain, shared at EmTech 2017 : “It’s been a little bit of a fluke, historically, that we’re able to rely on videos as evidence that something really happened,” on AI technology, generative adversarial networks (GANs), which traverses a technological boundary making imagination possible for computers.”
- Stephen Hawking – Physicist and Cosmologist shared at the 2016 Web Technology Summit: “Success in creating effective AI, could be the biggest event in the history of our civilization. Or the worst. We just don’t know. So we cannot know if we will be infinitely helped by AI, or ignored by it and side-lined, or conceivably destroyed by it,”
What do you think? Don’t ask these people because they do not exist. These are AI imagined and conjured up celebrities.
Aside: If you want to make sure you have an inclusive view of AI, follow these thinkers too…Meet These 20 Incredible Women Advancing AI