Warby Parker Finds Its Corner of the Eyewear Industry

I decided to write this week’s blog post as a follow up to my presentation on Warby Parker last week. I will try to answer a few of your questions and go a bit deeper into WP’s future endeavors.

The motive behind Warby Parker was to prove that it is possible to make affordable eyewear and be a successful company. Neil, Dave, Jeff, and Andy were determined to create a business model that produced fashionable glasses at a reasonable price. By building a completely vertically integrated production system, Warby Parker is able to create prescription glasses for as little as $95.00.


The main challenge Warby Parker faced was competing against the incumbent leader in the eyewear industry, Luxottica. This Italy-based company may be the closest thing to a monopoly in today’s retail landscape. Luxottica owns brands, stores, and product to have a huge control over the industry. It owns over 7,000 stores worldwide, 4,268 of which are in North America, including LensCrafters, Pearle Vision, Sunglass Hut, Target Optical, and Sears Optical. (For reference, Wal-Mart has only 5,000 stores). Its brands include Oakley and Ray-Ban, and it has exclusive licensing deals with many luxury brands including Chanel, Ralph Lauren, and Versace.  In addition to this top-to-bottom control of the eyewear industry, Luxottica also owns EyeMed, the second-largest vision insurance provider in the United States, and is the producer of Google Glass.


  • 2017 revenue of 9.157 billion euros ($11.269 billion)
  • 82,282 employees worldwide
  • 2017 Merger with Essilor (France-based company) valued at 46 billion euros ($56.6 billion) was approved by the European Commission this month
  • Controls over 80% of major brands

Clearly Luxottica is still growing in its control of the eyewear industry and shows no sign of reducing prices. So how does Warby Parker compete? They simply do not attempt to bring down the giant, but do work at creating a new space in which they can be successful within the market. Warby Parker’s $1.2 billion valuation still trails significantly behind Luxottica’s nearly $57 billion value, but they have definitely built a very successful company and proved that glasses should not be so expensive. Here is a quick look at the pricing strategies of both.


As you can see, Warby Parker still makes a significant amount of revenue off of their product margin, but drastically less than Luxottica does. In addition to providing a much more inexpensive product, WP also donates a pair of glasses for every pair sold. So, in reality Warby Parker is only making $34.50 per pair of glasses produced, compared to Luxottica’s $166+ margin.

Although Warby Parker has become the ultimate success story of a start-up breaking into a monopoly-controlled industry, the giant does not seem to care. While Luxottica is aware of this new company, it has not even made comments addressing WP as a competitor. And it definitely has not made any business changes to indicate a response to the start-up’s success. Quite frankly, Luxottica is so much bigger and has so much power over the industry, it does not yet consider Warby Parker to be a legitimate threat.


Warby Parker continues to push the envelope in expanding their own business, regardless of Luxottica’s lack of attention. In the past year, WP has grown their product line to include sunglasses, both prescription and non-prescription, progressive lenses, and a limited kids line. They have broken into the telemedicine realm of the eyewear industry with their Prescription Check app. And the physical footprint of WP continues to expand as they plan to open 100 brick and mortar stores by the end of 2018 including optometry services in select locations.

Since I went into detail on the telemedicine and the online to offline migration in my presentation, I will concentrate on Warby Parker’s expanding product line here, particularly their kids line.


Warby Parker is currently testing a kids’ line of prescription glasses in New York City. This product line is limited, starting with just six styles of frames that each come in two sizes: “Junior” (for ages 8 and up) and “Junior Junior” (for ages 4-7). Like the majority of WP’s glasses, these will also start at $95.00. However, one big difference in the business model for this line is that they will not offer an at home try on program for kids. They believe that the first time a child tries on prescription glasses is extremely important and that it should be done in the best environment possible with eyewear professionals who are experienced working with children. That is why Warby Parker is only running this pilot program in a handful of brick and mortar locations in New York City. Another change from the business model in this test-pilot falls under their “buy a pair, give a pair” program. Every pair of kids’ glasses purchased will support Pupils Project in New York, a program that provides free vision screenings, eye exams, and glasses to schoolchildren in need.

In addition to the kids’ pilot program, Warby Parker has also expanded into frames using new materials, sunglasses (both regular and prescription), and limited collections. The latest collection released was in collaboration with Justin Timberlake for a small line of sunglasses. While Warby Parker continues to push boundaries within the eyewear industry, they have no plans to stretch their business model into new markets or unrelated products. To learn even more about this amazing company, I highly recommend browsing warbyparker.com.

After personally facing the reality of needing prescription glasses just a year ago, I can honestly say that Warby Parker made the disheartening process easy and fun! I actually feel good about wearing my glasses today and am proud to be a Warby Parker customer. What more can you ask for?


  1. Lucy Wilson · ·

    Great post, Maria! As a new customer of Warby Parker, I loved hearing about their most recent endeavors into children’s eyewear. I was actually in New York this past week and saw the kids collection at one of the Warby Parker stores (though, no children around yet!).

    Bearing that in mind, I find it really interesting, as you mentioned, that they won’t offer the at home try on program for kids. I understand where they are coming from in that kids should be in the best environment possible when first trying on glasses. However, is that really in the middle of a crowded, loud store in the middle of Manhattan? As a twenty-two year old, I was even overwhelmed! Going forward, it will be interesting to see how this plays out. I have no doubt their kids line will be successful. To me, though, it’s more a matter of helping it catch on faster with the at home try on program.

  2. mmerckbc · ·

    I’m so glad you chose to follow up on this topic. I really enjoyed your presentation and was hoping we’d get a chance to learn more about Warby Parker’s business model and future endeavors. You touched on it briefly here (and more in your actual presentation), but I find the company’s entrance into the telemedicine space to be very interesting. The prescription check app certainly pushes the boundaries of past medical care options. I know you mentioned in your presentation that some individuals, particularly eye care specialists, are not too pleased with the app so I’m curious to see how the public reacts. Regardless of the success of the app, it’s clear that Warby Parker is one to watch!

  3. oliverhowe14 · ·

    This was a great follow up to your presentation the other week. I too finally admitted that I couldn’t see anything anymore and was searching around for glasses, but I could not find any that were even near my price range. Warby helped so much here, because if I couldn’t afford them, there is no way I would have gotten them at all.
    I find it interesting, however, that they will not be doing the at-home trials for children. As long as the child has taken their eye test, I do not see a reason why they would not allow the at-home trials. It is the same thing as going into the store, and it allows Warby to reach a multitude of customers that they cannot reach by making the kid’s glasses in-store only, with them only having 100 brick and mortar locations.

  4. nescrivag · ·

    Great post following up what you mentioned in the presentation! I honestly had no idea about what Warby Parker did until we had to do a brand extension project in my Marketing Research class last semester. After that, I loved learning about their business model in Applied Marketing Management. And ever since I am aware of the brand, I get ads everywhere and I pay more attention to their physical stores. Since I don’t need glasses (for now), I am not a Warby Parker customer but sometimes I wish I needed them because they have so many cool frames and styles that are great for the younger generations!
    I was wondering; however, why they haven’t expanded internationally yet. As an e-commerce brand, with a limited number of physical stores, I think they would benefit from entering new regions, such as Europe. They have had a huge success in the US and I don’t see why they couldn’t try some major cities in Europe such as London or Paris and see how that goes for them.

  5. Nice post. I thought of you this week, because we were in downtown Palo Alto on Tech Trek, and there was a Warby Parker store right across from our hotel. Lots of others are trying to copy their business model in other industries.

  6. jjaeh0ng · ·

    Warby Parker story was very intriguing. I’ve worn eye glasses for more than 10 years now, so I paid a lot of attention to this glasses start up. Learning from my experiences, I strongly believe that the most important factor in choosing your glasses is the comfort. Even thought the frame looks really fancy and cool, a pair of glasses which is uncomfortable or not fitting well that, for example, leaves constant marks on around a nose, is not a good choice. Furthermore, characters of frames including color and shape largely impacts how you look with those glasses and change your first impressions either in good or bad ways. That is why I prefer going to offline, brick and mortar stores to get a new pair. I found that WP has “home try” service, which is good. At the same time, some customers care about the brand of their glasses like Ray-Ban and even high-end companies. There is an inevitable disadvantage for WP as a start up company to compete against those industry giants, but I think WP trying to take their positions in different markets is promising.

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